United Arab Emirates. Description of emirates
The territory of the United Arab Emirates is long since populated with the person. Archeologists have found accommodation traces of the people living in the 5th millennium BC here. Ancient shumer and Assyrians called the area of the Gulf Dilmuny, considering that there is paradise, and brought bodies of the deads for burial on the island Bahrain. Ancient Greeks called the gulf "Delos" that means "pearl" as in his waters got so valued pearls. Iranians call him Persian, Arabs - Arab, and in the rest of the world most often use the word "Gulf".
British on the cards designated the coast of future Emirates as "The piracy coast", and from the middle of 19 century after signing of a number of peace agreements with local sheikhs - "Contractual Oman". Ancestors of residents of the United Arab Emirates called the earth Es-Syr" - "homeland", and the coast - "Es-Sif". By the way, Es-Sif is called the embankment along a bay shout in Dubai on the party of Bars of Dubai and the embankment in Al Kuwait). Residents of the Southern and Southeast Arabia called these lands of "Ash-Shimal" ("North").
In toponymics of the Emirates it is possible to meet the place names reflecting history of settling of the country in the middle of the 18th century the Yemen tribes. That period was time of great shocks for Arabia. Three droughty years in a row, intertribal wars because of sources and pastures, epidemic of plague and cholera have caused migration of tribes from various areas of the peninsula on the coast of the Gulf. Ancestors of residents of Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and the Emirates lodged on the coast desert at that time. Yesterday's bedouins became "sea Arabs" - fishermen, seamen, pearl divers and shipbuilders.
Continuous intertribal collisions forced Arabians to unite, creating some kind of military blocks. Some similar unions totaled tens of thousands of soldiers, for example, the confederation of an azan could expose 60 thousand soldiers. Among them there was an association Bani-Yas which included more than 15 Yemen tribes numbering about 15 thousand men. Bani-Yas's tribes didn't concern to the rich: they had only 180 horses and 400 camels. The Yemen sheikh Muhammad Yasi who is mentioned in manuscripts of the middle of 16 century is considered the founder Bani-Yas. Bani-Yas is literally translated "Yasi's sons".
As the history, the biggest natural island of the United Arab Emirates narrates, Sir Bani-Yas, was born 5-10 million years ago.
Pioneer settlements on Sir Bani-Yas have appeared in the Bronze age, approximately in the fourth millennium BC. Today 36 archaeological zones some of which will be in the future open for tourists are already revealed. On Sir Bani-Yas nomads have once come from the tribe of Bani-Yas, Abu Dhabi which subsequently has occupied. From the name of the tribe they have formed also the name of the island. At the end of the 19th century there was here a small constant settlement then people have left it, having left on "continent".
In 1971 the desert island was chosen by the first president of the United Arab Emirates, the sheikh Zayd who has opened here the private reserve for endangered species of animals and birds of the region.
Today the island - main and the biggest of group of islands which the state company Abu Dhabi on development of tourism and investments (Tourism Development & Investment Company) has united in the Desert Islands project ("Desert islands"). This grandiose project in several years promises to become the largest direction эко tourism in the region.
In the northeast borders on the Emirates of Dubai and Sharjah, in the east on Oman, in the South and the southwest with Saudi Arabia. In the north it is washed by the Persian Gulf in which has a set of islands. The city of Al Ain, the second for the number of inhabitants in the emirate. The climate a desert, absolute maximum of temperature is registered in June, 2008 +51,4 °C.
The main part of the population lives in the capital of the emirate. Two enclaves also are Ajman part: Masnut (in 110 km on the southeast) and Manama (in 60 km on the East). Shipbuilding, production of pearls, cultivation of dates. University, medical institute. Tourism.
It is located on the bank of the Persian Gulf to the northeast from the capital of Abu Dhabi in the neighbourhood with Sharjah. Geographical coordinates: 25 °27' northern latitude, 55 °33' east longitude. Length of the city makes 134 km, width — 35 km.
Ras Al Khaimah - the region which is of huge interest to tourist industry. In Ras-al-Khaimah the rounds focused as on beach rest, and travel with an informative component will be organized. The ancient city of Dzhulfar attracting with Watchtowers and forts is of huge interest to tourists.
In the south borders on the emirate of Sharjah, in the northeast — on the emirate of Ras Al Khaimah. In the northwest there is a coast of the Persian Gulf 24 kilometers long. The territory stretches for depth about 32 kilometers.
The emirate includes enclaves in the east of the country: Kalba, Dibba Al-Izn and Korfakkan. Near Sharjah the city, the second for value, in the United Arab Emirates Dubai is located. Symbolical border between the cities is the road outcome which is half in Sharjah, and half in Dubai. When on this bridge there is an accident, there come police both emirates.
Unlike other emirates, settles down on the bank of the Gulf of Oman of the Indian Ocean. Fujairah territory was stretched along the gulf more than on 90 kilometers. The considerable part of the territory of Fujairah is occupied by the mountains rising to the coast almost closely.